SPATIAL PLANNING IN EUROPEAN CONTEXT
At the beginning of the sixties, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
), concerned with the excessive concentration of regional disparities, stated in Resolution 210/1961 that it was positive that harmonious spatial development of economic, social and cultural activities cannot be achieved without having a spatial planning policy
By Resolutions 525 and 526/1968, the Parliamentary Assembly proposes that the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe undertake a new form of European cooperation in the field of spatial planning and in this respect establish a permanent European ministerial conference, in charge with elaborating new political guidelines on the spatial development of the European continent and harmonizing national policies in the spatial planning field.
The First European Conference of ministers responsible for regional/spatial planning (CEMAT) (http://www.coe.in/CEMAT) was held in Bonn – Germany, in 1970.
Since 1970, CEMAT has met in 12 sessions and has adopted, within this time period, fundamental documents for European spatial planning. After 1991, Romania has constantly participated in CEMAT Sessions by representatives of the ministry responsible for spatial planning.
« The European Charter on Spatial Planning » adopted in 1983, by CEMAT, in Torremolinos – Spain defines spatial planning as “the spatial expression of economic, social, cultural and environmental policies of all societies”, with the following basic objectives:
- Balanced social and economic development of regions;
- Improvement of quality of life;
- Responsible management of natural resources and environmental protection;
- Sound use of soil.
MAIN EUROPEAN DOCUMENTS WITH WHICH ROMANIA ALIGNS ITS POLICIES IN THE SPATIAL PLANNING FIELD
The European Spatial Planning Charter – document of the Council of Europe, adopted by the 6th European Conference of Ministries responsible for Spatial Planning (CEMAT), held in Torremolinos, Spain (May 1983)
European Spatial Development Perspective (SDEC) – Balanced and sustainable spatial development of the European Union territory - document of the European Union, adopted at the Informal Council of the Ministries responsible for Spatial Planning in the European Union countries– Potsdam, Germany (May 1999)
Guiding Principles for Sustainable Development of the European Continent – document of the Council of Europe, adopted at the European Conference of Ministers Responsible for Spatial/Regional Development (CEMAT) – Hanover, Germany (September 2000)
European Territorial Agenda - document of the EUROPEAN COMMISSION (May 2007)
EUROPEAN UNION INITIATIVES SUPPORTING SPATIAL PLANNING
The spatial planning activity at European level is supported by INTERREG, ESPON