Territorial Development » Spatial Planning » Spatial Planning in National Context
SPATIAL PLANNING IN NATIONAL CONTEXT
In Romania, the legal framework for carrying out the spatial and urban planning activities was completed in 2001 by the promulgation of Law 350/2001 on Spatial Planning and Urban Planning,
- spatial planning objectives
a) balanced economic and social development of regions and areas, in observance of their specific nature;
b) improving life quality for people and human collectivities;
c) accountable management of natural resources and environmental protection;
d) sound land management.
The spatial planning concept
- the compulsory nature of carrying out spatial planning activities, so that spatial management be conducted on a continuous and long term basis, in the interest of the collectivities that use the territory, in accordance with the values and aspirations of society and with the requirements related to integration within the European space.
- the institutional structure and the duties of the central, county and local public administration in the field.
- the categories of Spatial and Urban Planning documentations, responsibilities for endorsing and approving them.
in Romania is connected to the main European documents in this field.
This is materialized by studies, plans, programmes and projects that harmonize, at territorial level, the economic, social, environmental and cultural policies in order to ensure the sustainable development of various country regions, in terms of space. In accordance with Law 350/2001, the spatial planning activity
is carried out on the entire Romanian territory based on the principle of hierarchization, cohesion and spatial integration at national, regional, county, city and commune level
, creating the appropriate framework for balanced development and sound use of territory and accountable management of natural resources and environmental protection.
DUTIES OF THE CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION IN THE SPATIAL PLANNING FIELD
The activity in the above field is coordinated at national level by the Government
, which sets up priority programmes, guidelines and sector policies, in relation to the content of the Governing Programme. The Ministry of Development, Public Works and Housing
is the specialized body of the Government in the field of spatial planning and urban planning and, in this capacity, has the following main duties:
- ensures the elaboration of the National Territory Plan– PATN;
- ensures the elaboration of the Regional Territory Plan– PATR – which substantiates regional development;
- ensures the elaboration of the General Urban Planning Regulation;
- ensures the collaboration with ministries and with the other bodies of the central public administration in order to substantiate strategic sectorial programmes in terms of spatial planning and urban planning;
- ensures the collaboration with regional development councils, county councils and local councils, and the follow-up of the manner in which government programmes and guidelines are applied in the field of spatial planning and urban planning at regional, county and local level;
- ensures endorsement of spatial planning and urban planning documentations, according to the competences established by this law.
DUTIES OF THE COUNTY PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE SPATIAL PLANNING FIELD
The county council coordinates the spatial planning and urban planning activity at county level, according to law, and establishes general guidelines regarding spatial planning and organization and urban planning of localities, based on spatial and urban plans.
For this purpose, it coordinates the activity of local councils and provides them with specialized technical assistance.
The county council ensures the inclusion of the provisions of the national, regional and area spatial plans within the spatial and urban planning documentations for the administrative territories of the localities of a county, ensures the elaboration of the County Spatial Plan, of regional spatial plans which are of county interest and approves them according to the law.
DUTIES OF LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE SPATIAL PLANNING FIELD
The local council coordinates and is responsible for the entire urban planning activity carried out on the territory of the administrative and territorial unit and ensures the compliance with the provisions included in the approved spatial and urban planning documents. The purpose is to carry out the urban development programme of the localities forming a commune or a city. The local council uses information from all the fields of the economic and social activity in order to fulfil its duties in the spatial and urban planning field.
The spatial and urban planning activity at national level is coordinated by The Ministry of Development, Public Works and Housing,
which regulates the field and also exercises state control in connection with the implementation of the provisions and regulations included in the spatial planning and urban planning documentations. The Directorate-General for Spatial Development – a functional department within the own body of the Ministry of Development, Public Works and Housing, ensures the fulfilment of its duties in the specific field of activity, being in charge with
national and regional spatial planning and development, territorial cooperation, urban planning and spatial planning, management and development of urban and real estate programmes, housing.
The Department for Spatial Planning is an operational department of the Directorate-General for Spatial Development which coordinates:
- the activity in the spatial planning field, at national, area and regional level;
- the detailed observance of the strategic concept in spatial arrangement plans;
- the activity of elaboration of the National Spatial Plan (NSP) and of the Regional Spatial Plan (RSP), and of other spatial plans and projects according to its duties established by law;
- the methodological regulation activity related to the elaboration of spatial planning documentations;
The National Institute of Research and Development URBANPROIECT and the Documentation Centre for Constructions, Architecture, Urban Planning and Spatial Planning operate under the coordination of MDPWH. The above institutes were established in order to carry out the activity of scientific research and technological development in the urban planning and spatial planning field.
Units specialized in the field of spatial planning and urban planning operate within the County, Municipal or City Council and within the General Council of the Municipality of Bucharest. These units are headed by
the chief architect of the county, municipality or city, and by the chief architect of the Municipality of Bucharest.
The position of chief architect is held by a civil servant whose background is that of an architect or urban planner who graduated from a long-term higher education institution.