The EGTC (European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation) is a new structure regulated by Regulation no. 1082 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006, on a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC), published in the Official Journal of the European Communities no. L 210 of 31 July 2006. It was created out of the need to promote cross-border, transnational and interregional cooperation between the members of the European Union with the aim of reinforcing economic and social cohesion.
Among the objectives of the EGTC is the simplification of the process of territorial cooperation at the borders of the Member States, by providing a clear and coherent framework for interventions at local, regional and national level and overcoming the constitutional, legal and financial obstacles. The EGTC is a structure with legal status that can act on behalf of its members. Members of the EGTC may be member states, regional collectivities, local collectivities, public law bodies, within the meaning of article 1(9) subparagraph 2 of Directive 2004/18/EC, as well as associations between the abovementioned entities. Entities from third countries can be part of the EGTC, provided that such association is permitted by the internal law of the respective state or by an agreement concluded between the Member State and the third party. The members of the EGTC must, however, be situated on the territory of at least two member states.
The EGTC can act either for the management and implementation of territorial cooperation programmes or for the management and implementation of the projects co-financed by the European Union from the European Fund for Regional Development, the European Social Fund and/or the Cohesion Fund, but can also carry out other specific actions of territorial cooperation among their members, with or without EU financial contribution.
The tasks of the EGTC are established by members through a Convention and a Charter, but should limit to the objective of facilitating and promoting territorial cooperation.
In Romania, the legal framework required to effectively implement Regulation no. 1082/2006 was created by Government Emergency Ordinance no. 127/2007 on the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC), published in the Official Gazette no. 769 of 13 November 2007.
In accordance with the provisions of article 3 (1) of Government Emergency Ordinance no. 127/2007, the Ministry of Development, Public Works and Housing was designated as Notifying Authority, and has tasks related to the management of EGTC files.