«Karl Popper» Debate Format
The «Karl Popper» Debate is a structured form of educational debate formally made up of 10 distinct sections: 6 speeches and 4 cross-examinations. The two teams composed of 3 members oppose arguments on two sides of an issue upon which people, although well intentioned, can disagree.
A1: Affirmative Constructive Speech: 6 minutes
This is the first speech of the debate round in which the affirmative team presents the case fully and provides all the reasons why the motion should be accepted. The team presents the criterion that they will use in the interpretation of the issue. Although the team will provide further developments of the initial arguments all along the debate, the team members should keep the definitions, the criteria and the arguments stated at this stage.
CX1: N3 asks questions to A1: 3 minutes
The teams will use this stage to identify the weak points in the arguments of the opponents and to obtain concessions. In order for the advantages and concessions obtained in CX to be considered in the examination, these should be used in the next speeches, as the examiners are not allowed to indicate the value of the results obtained in CX.
N1: Negative Constructive Speech: 6 minutes
The negative team presents a case totally against the motion. This section is the beginning of the rebuttal of the affirmative arguments, which are answered in the same order as the affirmative team presented them. If the definitions proposed by the affirmative team are not challenged in this section, they remain valid. In the same way, if the negative team doesn’t put forward a personal criterion, the round will continue to function according to the criterion of the affirmative team.
CX2: A3 asks questions to N1: 3 minutes
A2: Affirmative Rebuttal: 5 minute
The second speaker of the affirmative team presents the objections brought by their team against the arguments presented by N1 and answers objections by the negative team to the affirmative case. Ideas of the negative case that are not rejected by the speaker remain valid.
CX3: N1 asks questions to A2: 3 minutes
N2: Negative Rebuttal: 5 minutes like in A2 with exchange of roles
CX4: A1 asks questions to N2: 3 minutes
A3: Final Speech of the Affirmative Team: 5 minutes
The speaker presents, on the basis of the structure presented at the beginning of the debate, the strong arguments of the team, while drawing examiners’ attention to the efficiency of the team, the flaws of the opponent team and the most important areas of disagreement - the «conflict areas». He/She tries to persuade the examiners that the affirmative team is the one who won the round, without bringing new arguments or proofs...
N3: Final Speech of the Negative Team: 5 minutes like in A3, exchange of roles